What actions are needed to address diabetes? (Ottawa Charter)
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Developing Personal Skills
Developing Personal Skills is the first action area that refers to the process by which people of all ages are educated about diabetes so they can apply their knowledge to their life decisions. Such knowledge can extend to education on nutrition and physical activity that can help empower people to make better decision about their health and avoiding risk factors of diabetes. Education regarding early detection as well as Education influencing the three treatment elements, food, exercise and insulin also is considered. Such programs as Happy Healthy Harold is an intersectoral organisation that travels to different schools to educate children on how to develop health life skills and grow to be healthier adults. By educating people and helping them develop good personal skills is something that no social inequalities can barricade them from and gives everyone an equal opportunity to progress in their life and be healthy.
Creating Supporting Environments
Creating Supporting Environments is a vital key in regards to decreasing the burden of diabetes and also addressing the issue of social justice. By creating environments where people are comfortable to make health decisions without compromising themselves is something that this action area strived to create. This area gives all people an equal opportunity to live in a place where they can easily make better health decision and have the recourses they need to do so. Examples of this action area include Maintaining support services such as Diabetes Australia, Juvenile Institute of Australia, National Diabetes Service Scheme to assist those suffering from the disease as well as promoting ways to avoid the risk factors. Others include more nutritious foods at food outlets such as school canteens to TNC’s such as McDonalds which provide healthier choices of meals.
Strengthening Community Action
Strengthening Community Action is another vital key as it focuses on the public’s participation in establishing healthy patterns of living. An example in regards to Diabetes is the reciprocal cooperation of the P&C, school community and canteen to provide children with a nutritious choice of meals and the involvement of children in Physical Recreation. The involvement of local groups such as public pools to host ‘Fun Days’ to promote physical activity for everyone. Local sports clubs endeavour to eliminate barriers of distance and financial issues by travelling to different places around Australia to provide them with days of Physical Activity and opportunities to be involved with sports clubs. Engaging health service providers at a local level for example pharmacists, community health workers, aboriginal services etc in diabetes initiative. This ensures a cooperation with inter sectoral and sectoral organisations with the community to provide care when needed to those who need it.
Building Healthy Public Policy
Building Healthy Public Policy refers to the government intervention concerning policies and legislation to improve the greater social environment. Policies include laws extended to school canteens, where servers are legally obliged to provide children with healthier alternatives and school curriculums must include Physical education. Legislation against smoking in public areas, advertisements and boxes must comply with laws demanding they provide smokers with the risk factors of smoking. Reduces tax on light beer as well as legal drinking age for bodies that can handle alcohol are also ensured to protect and promote the health for everyone. For all people in different social and cultural environment are provided with an environment that advocates by law a healthier place to live.
Reorient Health Services
Reorient Health Services is an action area that clearly focuses on funding and utilising services to provide promotion and curative services to everyone. With Diabetes being a painful burden on morbidity and mortality rates in Australia, the government has needed to fund health services to provide a greater curative service and promotion devices in order to decrease the national burden and create an equally accessible service to all. Promotion devices such as advertisements seen on television aim to build awareness and education for viewers to decrease risks in their lives that may lead to diabetes. Curative services that focus on prevention such as institutions that provide free detection check up’s for Type A and B diabetics. The Government has subsidized the cost of medication and produced sufficient distribution of finance towards research, promotion and curative services. Involving Health Professionals in educating patients about treatment maintenance such as nutrition, physical activity and correct us of medication, Availability of finance for hospitals and other diabetes services and Emphasis on Ambulance services for Diabetes management also creates a health system that has been modified to improve the health system and the techniques used to help all people who suffer or potentially suffer from diabetes.
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