What actions are needed to address asthma? (Ottawa Charter)
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Developing Personal Skills
Developing Personal Skills is the first action area that refers to the process by which people of all ages are educated about diabetes so they can apply their knowledge to their life decisions. Education via schools, media and workplace advertisements allows people to recognise risk factors and ways of treatment for asthma. For example, schools partake in incursions and excursions that educate them on the dangers of smoking to the lungs as well as ways to avoid social pressure that can lead to smoking. Schools also have PDHPE, which educates student throughout their schooling life about asthma and ways to treat it and live with it.
Creating Supporting Environments
Creating Supporting Environments is a vital key in regards to decreasing the burden of Asthma and also addressing the issue of social justice. By creating environments where people are comfortable to make health decisions without compromising themselves is something that this action area strived to create. By creating anti-smoking areas for dining as well as enclosed public places as well as the reduction of CFC’s allows asthmatic to be secure in their environment without a trigger of an asthma attack. Sports such as netball have progressed through time to accommodate to the health of the participants. Over the years knee injuries as well as respiratory problems such as asthma have lessened by introductory rules such as quarter time, so players can endure the game and not compromise their fitness for the risk of an asthma attack.
Building Healthy Public Policy
Building Healthy Public Policy refers to the government intervention concerning policies and legislation to improve the greater social environment. Policies include laws extended to non-smoking environments, advertisements on cigarette packages advertising the risk to asthmatics. The government has reduced tax on unleaded petrol aiming to reduce the concentration of CFC’s in the atmosphere that can trigger an asthma attack.
Reorienting Health Services
Reorienting Health Services is the fourth action area, and this considers utilising services to provide promotion and curative services to everyone. Schools have utilised trained school nurses to deal with asthmatic students and having onsite medication in case of emergency has become a priority in the health sectors of schools. The government has increased funding in health promotion in the media on the risk factors as well as the importance of early detection and research on Asthma treatments. Pharmacists also have been involved by inter sectoral organisations to engage Australia in preventative strategies as well as the importance of being aware of the onsets. Many programs have been initiated and funded by the government are programs that help asthmatics live with the condition without compromising a normal healthy lifestyle.
Strengthening Community Action
Strengthening Community Action looks at improving public participation in establishing healthy patterns of living. In relation to asthma many children who suffer from it are from low-socio economic up bringing, where houses are more likely to be positioned in a place where fumes of cigarette and industrial waste triggers the narrowing of airways. To reduce this, many communities have formed swimming groups to strengthen lungs for asthmatics as well as commissioning for filters for toxic fumes in factories. Also, schools are undertaking more precautions with science experiments and safety procedures such as face masks to protect students from an onset attack.
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