Violence

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Bullying

  • Repeated oppression of a less powerful person by a more powerful person or group.
  • Bullying may be physical (punching) or psychological (name-calling, isolation, gossip).
  • One student in eight is continually victimized.
  • The most commonly reported form of bullying is verbal abuse.
  • Young females are more likely to inform someone that they are being bullied whereas males tend to conceal it if they are.
  • Differences between genders exist with respect to frequency of bullying and the type of bullying.
  • Some young people remain unaffected by a bullying experience, while others can be traumatized for the rest of their lives.


Sexual assault

  • Males known to the victims commit most sexual assaults.
  • Motive is to inflict harm and assert power over the victim.
  • Many young people don’t tell for fear that they won’t be believed. Feelings of shame and guilt are initial responses to sexual assault.
  • Sexual assault on young people has both short and long term effects on the victim. Short: pregnancy, contraction of an STI, loss of sexual interest and depression. Long: dysfunctional sexual relationships, self-harm behavior, lack of self-esteem and depression.
  • People need to look out for signs of sexual assault.


Sexual harassment

  • Defined as being any unwanted verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature.
  • There are several types of sexual harassment: subtle, explicit and criminal.
  • Young people should be aware that it is unacceptable and they have the right to report it.


Homophobic vilification

  • A fear of intolerance of homosexuality and behavior that is perceived to be different from traditional gender roles.
  • Fear and hatred of homosexuality that is expressed as verbal or physical abuse of homosexuals is termed homophobic vilification.
  • Can be in the form of name calling (“faggot”, “poofter” or “dyke”)
  • Or can be physical such as “gay bashing”.


Domestic abuse

  • Abuse of power in which one partner in a relationship (usually male) uses violence or threats to control the other partner.
  • Domestic abuse includes physical, sexual, psychological and social abuse.
  • There is evidence of higher levels of violence against overseas-born and Aboriginal young women and these groups are further disadvantages by their isolation, indigenous values and the failure of health services to meet their needs.
  • Young people are often “viewers” of domestic violence, being in a household where bashings and verbal abuse occur repeatedly.

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