- Repeated oppression of a less powerful person by a more powerful person or group.
- Bullying may be physical (punching) or psychological (name-calling, isolation, gossip).
- One student in eight is continually victimized.
- The most commonly reported form of bullying is verbal abuse.
- Young females are more likely to inform someone that they are being bullied whereas males tend to conceal it if they are.
- Differences between genders exist with respect to frequency of bullying and the type of bullying.
- Some young people remain unaffected by a bullying experience, while others can be traumatized for the rest of their lives.
- Males known to the victims commit most sexual assaults.
- Motive is to inflict harm and assert power over the victim.
- Many young people don’t tell for fear that they won’t be believed. Feelings of shame and guilt are initial responses to sexual assault.
- Sexual assault on young people has both short and long term effects on the victim. Short: pregnancy, contraction of an STI, loss of sexual interest and depression. Long: dysfunctional sexual relationships, self-harm behavior, lack of self-esteem and depression.
- People need to look out for signs of sexual assault.
- Defined as being any unwanted verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature.
- There are several types of sexual harassment: subtle, explicit and criminal.
- Young people should be aware that it is unacceptable and they have the right to report it.
- A fear of intolerance of homosexuality and behavior that is perceived to be different from traditional gender roles.
- Fear and hatred of homosexuality that is expressed as verbal or physical abuse of homosexuals is termed homophobic vilification.
- Can be in the form of name calling (“faggot”, “poofter” or “dyke”)
- Or can be physical such as “gay bashing”.
- Abuse of power in which one partner in a relationship (usually male) uses violence or threats to control the other partner.
- Domestic abuse includes physical, sexual, psychological and social abuse.
- There is evidence of higher levels of violence against overseas-born and Aboriginal young women and these groups are further disadvantages by their isolation, indigenous values and the failure of health services to meet their needs.
- Young people are often “viewers” of domestic violence, being in a household where bashings and verbal abuse occur repeatedly.
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