The Learning Process

BikiCrumbs: The Learning Process

From Biki

Skill is defined as the ability that comes from knowledge, practice, aptitude and understanding, which enables an individual to do something well. Motor skills are learned actions that require body movement.


Contents

The Learning Process

Perceiving

  • The ability to conceptualise/see the important parts of a movement/strategy
  • Comes in the form of information/cues/input
  • The individual determines what is happening in the environment and the body, involves:
    • Detecting
    • Comparing and recognising stimuli
    • Selective attention


Deciding

  • The learner decides how to use the information in the brain (called processing)
  • On how to convert information into an appropriate physical response
  • Speed depends on:
    • Prior experience
    • Number of options
    • Weighing up of options
    • Time to make the decision


Acting

  • Once a decision has been made, the neuromuscular system guides the person in making the desired movement (movement is called output)
  • Involves the acting on the perception and the decision
  • Involves:
    • Organising (sequencing and timing)
    • Initiating (transmitting commands to muscles)
    • Monitoring (adjusting commands based on progress


Feedback

  • Can occur at any point.
  • Derived from performing the skill
  • Also from other sources (eg coach)
  • There is an important relationship between feedback and necessary action
    • Eg: action unsuccessful >>> modify action
    • Successful >>> repeat performance

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