Motivation: what induces a person to behave in a particular way, an internal state which activates, directs and sustains behaviour towards a goal
Affected by: self-esteem, expectation, standard of competition, spectator support
- Definition: praise/reward/recognition for good performances/technique eg
- Eg: encouragement
- Must be continuously enforced
- Performance improves from fear of the consequences
- Eg threats, ultimatums, dropping players for poor performance
- Does not work sustainably, long term destruction of confidence and initiative
- From within, as a result of interest/satisfaction/enjoyment
- The main motivation for children/teenagers
- Positive reinforcers: occurrences that serve to produce the required response eg trophies
- Negative reinforcers: taken away from the athlete eg do well = not do 100 push ups
• The internal state is modified by external sources eg money, recognition, reward • Yet sustained motivation relies on intrinsic factors
Reinforcement: a form of reward or punishment that influences the probability that an action or behaviour will/ will not re-occur.
There are three types of reinforcements.
- Social reinforcement- from coaches, players, parents and others. Eg. Talking
- Material reinforcement- that is tangible. Eg. Medals and trophies
- Internal reinforcement- from within. Eg. Increasing self confidence
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