Injury Management Procedures

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Rehabilitation: restoring an athlete to their level of pre-injury fitness

Aims of a rehabilitation program:

  • Restore optimal function
  • Prevent re-injury
  • Return to competition quickly and safely


Contents

Progressive Mobilisation

  • Gradually extending the Range of Movement within a pain-free threshold after RICER has been completed
  • Can be through active (athlete) or passive (another person) methods


Stretching

  • Ensures healing without scarring (as scarring shortens the muscle) .
  • PNF is beneficial (strengthens and stretches).


Conditioning

  • Should be pain-free, adapting the body to a range of skills including running etc
  • Game skills in a non-competitive situation
  • Isometric exercises for strength


Total Body Fitness

  • Should be both mental and physical
  • Adaptations that should occur:
    • Joint mobility
    • Balance and coordination
    • Hypertrophy
    • No pain
    • Confidence
  • Alternate exercises(eg swimming when having a stress fracture in the foot) 2 maintain fitness levels


Taping

Used in rehabilitation to:

  • Support the injured area
  • Prevent further injury
  • Mentally promote confidence


Use of Heat and Cold

Heat

  • Used for first 2/3 days
  • Aim: reduce pain/stiffness/inflammation, increase: blood flow
  • Methods: contrast baths, electrotherapy


Cold

  • For up to 4 days prior
  • Methods: ice massage, ice water immersion, vapocoolant sprays, cryotherapy


Specific Programs

  • Eg focus on: strength, endurance, aerobic work
  • Dependent upon: athlete, sport, seriousness of injury



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